RESEARCH PROPOSAL: MBA-HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

RESEARCH PROPOSAL: MBA-HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

1. Project (research topic) title

The title of this proposal is: “ Effectiveness of Reward System and Appraisals System in increasing the Retention and Productivity of employees in Retail Sector

2. Project (research topic) summary

In no more than 100 words, intelligible to a reader who is not a specialist in this field, summarize the aims, significance and expected outcomes of your proposed research.

Project summary:

Organizations and the business sectors use the system of appraisal to gauge the performance of the various employees. Moreover, rewarding of well-performing employees is a motivation to the employees. This project aims a studying the effective systems of appraisal and rewarding in the retail business. Effective appraisal systems ensure that there is progress in the organization. Effective appraisal systems are appreciated by the employees and are the basis of retaining good performing employees. The proposal aims at providing an understanding effectiveness of systems of rewarding and appraisal to the performance and retention of the employees.

3. Project (research topic) details

3.1 Introductory background

The human resource department plays an important role in ensuring that all units of a business are integrated. They do this by employee management; performing appraisals and rewarding of well-performing employees. Rewards appraisal is significant in raising the employee motivation and levels of performances (Hendry, 2012).

3.2 Research questions

The research question aims to answer the effects of rewarding and appraisal system in the business. The research questions include:

· What is the system of rewarding in the business?

· How is the appraisal system of the business like?

· The effects of the appraisal and rewarding system on the employees

· How do the employees react to the system of appraisal?

Hypothesis

H0: Effective appraisal and rewarding systems in a retail organization lead to employee retention in the retail organization.

H1: Effective appraisal and rewarding systems in a retail organization lead to increased employee productivity in the retail organization.

3.3 Aims/Objectives of the project

The following are the objects of the research.

· To have an understanding of the significance of the systems of appraisal and rewarding in the retail sector.

· To have an understanding of the impact of rewarding and appraisal system on employee productivity.

· To have an understanding of the employees the systems used to appraise and reward employees for their retention.

· To understand the importance of reward and appraisal systems in the retail organization.

· To understand the extent of employee retention through effective reward and appraisal system.

· To understand the increase in productivity that is related to reward and appraisal system.

3.4 Significance/Contribution to the discipline

In the organizations, the rewarding and appraisal systems have an important role they play. They help in employee motivation and affect the quality of their work. This also helps in improving the quality of work of the employees. These systems are important in retaining the employees in the organizations. The effective system makes the organizations maintain the loyalty of employees and increase their productivity.

Veld and Alfes (2014) commented on the essential fact that reward and appraisal systems within the organization are essential within the organization. This is because it helps in increasing the motivation of the employees and retaining them. Rewards and appraisals are provided to the employees based on their performance hence it is a mark of prosperity of organization and its employees.

It is the responsibility of the organization to make sure that employees are retained for the productivity and profitability of the organization. Employees need to need motivated for work done (KUYKENDALL et al, 2013). Similarly, they need to be assessed on their productivity, dedication, and commitment to the work; this is done using the appraisal systems. Positive appraisals ensure work satisfaction of the employees through high rating of their performance hence increasing their productivity (Jakowski & McKellar, 2014).

According to the outlook of Rudge (2011) the reward and appraisal system plays an important role within the organization. The rewards and appraisal systems help in increasing the motivation of the employees that directly affects their quality of work. Moreover, it also helps in improvement of the quality of the work and also improves the overall performance of the employees. According to Cahill et al. (2014) the satisfaction of the employees for their work is also maintained and also helps in understanding the need and requirement of the trainings. The employees tend to retain to the organization and hence also tends to stay loyal to the organization that increases the productivity.

3.5 Theoretical framework and methods

The Approach of the Research.

The approach for any research shows the relationship between the research work and principles. The research work will be based on inductive approach and gives an explanation of the observation of the research in an approach that is broad including concepts.

This research uses a research design that is descriptive and the research philosophy will be one of vivid explanation.

The method used for data collection will be both the primary and secondary data collection methods. Both qualitative and quantitative questionnaires will be used for primary data collection. The secondary will be obtained from online sources, journals and other offline sources (Johnson & Turner, 2003).

The survey will include a sizable number of human resources managers and employees. Say twelve human resources managers and thirty employees. These will choose randomly and will provide the results needed.

The research will be conducted in according to the rules and regulations of carrying out research including data collection and result presentation. All codes of conduct will be followed by the researcher (Maloney,2012).

Any limitations that could be encountered during the research include the budget and the time for research.

4 Research plan and timeline and contents of thesis/submission

Research Plan

· Research aim setting

· Designing of the research objective

· Research question clarification

· Evaluation of the contribution of the research topic to the specific field.

· Appropriate thesis selection

· Selection of the appropriate theories

· Data collection

· Analysis of the data collected.

Timeline

Activity /Time Week 1 Week 2 Week 3 Week 4 Week 5 Week 6 Week 7 Week 8
Setting of research aim
Research objective design
Research question clarification
Evaluation of topic contribution
Thesis selection
Theories selection
Data collection
Data analysis

5 References cited/Bibliography of planned reading

Hendry, C. (2012). Human resource management. Routledge.

Jakowski, J., & McKellar, B. C. (2014). U.S. Patent No. 8,768,751. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.

Johnson, B., & Turner, L. A. (2003). Data collection strategies in mixed methods research. Handbook of mixed methods in social and behavioral research, 297-319.

KUYKENDALL, J., BUTTS, O., California Peace Officers Assoc, & United States of America. (2013). APPRAISAL OF EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE. JOURNAL OF CALIFORNIA LAW ENFORCEMENT, 8(2), 98-106.

Maloney, D. M. (2012). Protection of human research subjects: A practical guide to federal laws and regulations. Springer Science & Business Media.


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